Insurance Companies In US, insurance companies are financial institution which under writes the risk of loss of, or damage to, personal and business assets (general INSURANCE) and life and limb (life and accident insurance).
Some companies specialize in one or other of these areas, but others (referred to as ‘composites’) operate in both sectors. checkout our other post for disability insurance in US
Insurance companies issue insurance policies to cover a variety of contingencies (fire, flooding, breakage, theft, death, etc.)
involving potential financial loss to policy holders or their dependents in return for regular payments of a premium.
the company provides a rang of insurance policies to protect individuals and businesses against the RISK of financial losses in return for regular payments of PREMIUMS. An insurance company operates by pooling risks amongst a large number of policyholders.
in explaining the terms insurance companies you need to understand some terms which always associate with the insurance policy. and they are the following.
Deductible: The amount that the insured must pay before the insurer will pay anything
Premium: The periodic payments the insured makes to ensure coverage
Co-pay: An expense that the insured pays when sharing the cost with the insurer
Indemnify: A promise to compensate one for losses experienced
Claim: The act of reporting an insurable incident to request that the insurer pay for coverage
Benefits: The money the insured receives from the insurance company when something goes wrong
How insurance companies work in US
A company can plan for assuming the risks from failed business strategies, non-payment from customers or poor management decisions,
But they can’t plan for assuming the costs of natural disasters, fire at their facilities or accidents resulting in liability. For that, they buy insurance.
Insurance companies assess the risk and charge premiums for various types of insurance coverage.
If an insured event occurs and you suffer damages, the insurance company pays you up to the agreed amount of the insurance policy.
The way insurance companies work, they can pay this and still make a profit.
Your premiums are much lower than the possible damages,
But the insurance company can afford to pay them because it receives premiums from many customers. Insurance companies operate on the principle of shared risk.
All the customers pay small amounts and share the risk that way. A fire or other covered event only happens rarely.
The insurance company has to calculate the premiums so the total premiums it receives from its many customers
To cover the few damage claims, with some money left over for administration and profit.
insurance companies have to consider that, if they have a lot of policies in one area and there is a natural disaster, many customers will make a claim.
The insurance company may not have collected enough premiums to cover so many claims.
To prevent such a problem, insurance companies pass on some of the risk to other large financial firms that offer re-insurance,
meaning they may be protected in a worst case scenario.
The large firms take over the extra risk from the insurance company that holds the policies, and it pays for this service.
For major natural disasters, the re-insurance companies pay for some of the damages through the local insurance companies that sold the policies.
Benefits of insurance companies in US
Having known the concept insurance you can always see why ,insurance is important in individual life.
Some of the benefit are the following,
- The obvious and most important benefit of insurance is the payment of losses.
An insurance policy is a contract used to indemnify individuals and organizations for covered losses.
2. The second benefit of insurance is managing cash flow uncertainty. Insurance provides payment for covered losses when they occur.
Therefore, the uncertainty of paying for losses out-of-pocket is reduced significantly.
3. A third and uncommon benefit of insurance is complying with legal requirements.
Insurance meets statutory and contractual requirements as well as provides evidence of financial resources. you may also like how to establish a real estate in US
5. Another very important benefit of insurance is promoting risk control activity.
Insurance policies provide incentives to implement a loss control program because of policy requirements and premium savings incentives.
6. The fifth benefit of insurance is the efficient use of an insured’s resources.
Insurance makes it unnecessary to set aside a large amount of money to pay for the financial consequences of the risk exposures that can be insured.
This allows that money to be used more efficiently.
7. Another uncommon, important benefit of insurance is support for the insured’s credit.
Insurance facilitates loans to individuals and organizations by guaranteeing that the lender will be paid if the collateral for the loan is destroyed or damaged by an insured event.
This reduces the lender’s uncertainty of default by the party borrowing funds.
8. The seventh benefit of insurance is it provides a source of investment funds.
Insurance companies collect premiums up front, invest those premiums in a variety of investment vehicles, and pay claims if they occur.
9. The last benefit of insurance is reducing social burden.
Insurance helps reduce the burden of uncompensated accident victims and the uncertainty of society.
Some of the insurance companies in US
In the list we have both:
- Health insurance
- Life insurance
- Car insurance
- Home insurance
- Pet insurance
- Liability (or Umbrella) insurance
- Property insurance
- Travel insurance
Some of them are the following:
MetLife (Metropolitan Life Insurance Company)
MetLife was founded in 1868 and is headquartered in New York.
It is a leading global provider of insurance, annuities and employee benefit programs, serving about 90 million customers.
Present in the United States, Japan, Latin America, Asia, Europe and the Middle East through its subsidiaries and affiliates
MetLife counts over 90 of the top 100 Fortune 500 companies among its corporate clients.
It is the largest life insurer in the U.S. in terms of total assets.
If you still don’t know which company we’re talking about, they’re the ones with Snoopy in the ads.
Prudential Financial was founded in 1875 and is headquartered in Newark, NJ. It is a Fortune Global 500 and Fortune 500 company as well as a financial services leader.
Some of the key products it offers include life insurance, annuities, mutual funds and retirement plan services.
It has operations in the United States, Asia, Europe and Latin America. It is the second-largest life insurer in the U.S. in terms of total assets.
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Direct Written Premiums: $156.9 billion
Market Share: 14.2%
A diversified health and well-being company, UnitedHealth Group’s core capabilities are clinical expertise, advanced technology, and data and health information.
UnitedHealth Group serves clients and consumers in the US and more than 130 other countries through two distinct platforms.
UnitedHealthcare provides healthcare coverage and benefits services, while Optum provides information and technology-enabled health services.
The group invests more than $3.5 billion in technology and innovation and processes approximately 1.1 trillion transactions annually.
Direct Written Premiums: $56 billion
Market Share: 5.1%
Humana’s cultural foundation is aligned to helping members achieve their best health by providing personalized simplified, whole-person healthcare experiences.
Recognizing that each person, family, and community’s healthcare needs continue to evolve Humana creates innovative solutions and resources
To help people live their healthiest lives on their terms – when and where they need it. and some of the others mare the following